Serious cases of hand, foot, and mouth disease (HFMD) may need medical consideration, but the situation usually clears up without interference. This disease is often perplexed with foot-and-mouth disease, which distresses livestock but cannot contaminate humans.
HFMD is the most frequent disease in children under 10 years of age, but it can also impact older children and adults. HFMD outbreaks usually occur in Asia. There is no vaccine for the disease at present times.
Quick facts on hand, foot, and mouth disease (HFMD)
- It is a viral infection caused by enteroviruses.
- Its symptoms involve aching itchiness on the feet and hands, as well as soreness in the mouth.
- There is no way to cure or avoid HFMD, but it generally settles without medication within 7 to 14 days.
- HFMD is identifiable by typical itchiness on the hands and feet.
- Symptoms of HFMD normally happen around 3 to 7 days following the first contact with the virus.
- The initial obvious symptoms are a 24-to-48-hour fever of 100° to 102° Fahrenheit, or 38 to 39º Celsius, and a painful throat.
- These are chased by a variety of symptoms, including an inflammation on the hands and soles of the feet, with flat, tender, red blisters, occurring 1 to 2 days after the fever, no desire for food, headache, throat, mouth, and tongue soreness.
- Several people will have no warning signs, but they can pass on the virus to others. It is most infectious during the first 7 days of sickness.
- HFMD is communicable through coughing and sneezing.
- Viruses in the enteroviruses category usually trigger HFMD.
- Coxsackieviruses are the most common type of enteroviruses related to HFMD, especially Coxsackieviruses A16. Enterovirus 71 is also a usual cause.
These viruses usually spread via the mouth and anus and are typically found in the saliva, mucus, feces, and blister fluid of a person suffering from HFMD.
General Ways of Passing on the Virus Include:
- Close personal contact with a contaminated person.
- Sneezing and coughing.
- Touching infected objects.
- Direct or indirect contact with contaminated feces
Treatment of HFM Disease
- Washing the hands carefully with soap is one way to put off the reach of HFMD.
- A doctor can normally diagnose HFMD diagnosis by conducting a physical check. They might look for painful swelling on the feet, hands, and genitals. They may also check for other general symptoms that occur alongside the itchiness. Sometimes, a lab test may be required to confirm a diagnosis. Doctors may look for related antibodies or viral materials in the blood or collect throat and stool samples for a check.
- There is no remedy and no identifiable treatment for HFMD. Over-the-counter (OTC) medications can help to alleviate soreness and fever in some people.
- Numbing mouthwashes or sprays may help ease mouth pain. This can be effective for growing fluid and food intake.
- Soft foods, such as soup, can make eating less hurting. Be sure not to have hot or spicy foods. If mouth ulcers become too tender, drinking cold water or sucking on ice cubes can help to reduce uneasiness.