There has been good growth in the industrial sector in India. But its agrarian sector is lacking behind. India has cultivable land of about 142 million hectares. But only 45% of land gets irrigation facilities.
The residual land depends on rain for water. The rain irregularity and uncertainty cause the failure of crops. Thus, farmers suffer a huge loss. Therefore, to tackle this serious issue, Prime Minister has introduced Pradhan Mantri Krishi Sinchai Yojana.
PMKSY is a national mission scheme. It aims at improving farming yield and better utilization of means. This scheme targets better irrigation facility in fields, cultivable land growth, increase farm water use, employ water-saving know-how, water recycling, etc.
PMKSY aims at micro-irrigation and end-to-end irrigation projects. It also mends inadequately implemented irrigation projects. The government anticipates providing an artificial irrigation facility to 6 lakh of arable land. It targets drip irrigation to 5 lakh of arable land.
Execution of PMKSY
The Krishi Sinchai Yojana has an expenditure of ₹500 billion for 5 years (2015-16 to 2019-20). This scheme has embraced decentralized state-level planning and scheme implementation. The states can formulate irrigation improvement plans rooted in blocks irrigation plans. All the States and Union territories are included under this scheme.
Honorable Prime Minister, the chief of the National Steering Committee (NSC) has provided a course of action and plan route for the structure of the scheme. The Vice-Chairman of NITI Aayog will be the head of the National Executive Committee (NEC) that will work towards the execution of the scheme.
This scheme has also set Rs 200 crore for backing the National Agricultural Market (NAM). NAM will assist the farmers to sell their farming product directly to the market for a better price. The Government plans to combine funds for PMKSY with the material part of its scheme MGNREGA.
The main objective of PMKSY is to provide artificial irrigation to 100% arable land. The scheme’s motto is ‘More Crop per Drop’ that also aims for water conservation by sustainable water preservation and optimization of water resources. It lays stress on the recycling of water which is high-priced. The government has called up private investment for obtaining financial assistance for this Yojana.
Agricultural production improves with better irrigation facilities. This scheme has constructive consequences on various levels. It will make economic conditions of farmers better, helps in examining the price of food grain, and controls price rise. The excess production can be exported to obtain foreign capital in the country.
PMKSY possesses ample promises for progressive India. The maxim of ‘Har Khet Ko Pani’ will advance to provide ‘Har Kisan ko Achcha Future’ if this scheme is executed properly.